Romantic or Family Hiking Adventures

Today I’d like to teach you how to use a basic compass.

Step #1 -HoldThe Compass Properly

Hold it with the palm up, direction of travel arrow facing forward, and your arms fixed. Keeping it away from all metal because any metal near the needle or any magnets can throw off your bearings or your directions. That is the proper way to hold a compass.

Let’s say that before you head out into the wilderness you study your map and determine that there is a road to the West and, no matter where I am , if I head west I will always find that road.

Here is how you would find this “Safety Bearing” in the wild.

Step #2 -Dial It In

Take the dial on your compass and rotate it until West, the West on the dial is lined up with the index line.

Turn the dial until the “W” is lined up at the index line.

Now that you’re dialed in rotate your body until the red is in the shed.

Remember that little rhyme. What that means is that the red needle, the red magnetic needle, is lined up with this red looking shed.

You want that red arrow and that red shed lined up. Put the red in the shed.

Here are the steps again:

  1. Hold the compass properly
  2. Dial It In
  3. Rotate your body, turning in a circle, until the Red Is In The Shed

Now remember, do not move your arm but you want to move your entire body. So I am going to slowly turn and turn until the red lines up in the shed. And remember because my direction of travel arrow is pointed forward, now I know that I am facing West. So when you go out into the woods and you’re lost, pull out your compass.

Now in my directions I dialed it in to West. Well you could use numbers or degress. If you notice on most compasses they have 360 degrees around the dial here. Well if before I went out I’m studying my map, let’s say that West just or a letter direction because there’s only four of them on mine. If it didn’t line up with those you could use a number, so instead of lining it up to west let’s say I did 240 degrees. Same steps still apply. So number, one hold your compass properly number two dial it in to 240, step number three rotate my body until the red is in the shed.

And there I go. That is 240 degrees. So I hope that you can practice those three steps. Hold your compass properly, dial it in, rotate your body until the red is in the shed, and then you will be facing your desired direction or bearing. So that is how to use a compass when given a bearing or direction.

Today, let’s talk about how easy it is to get into spin fishing for trout.

You really don’t need much to do that, just a medium light action spinning rod, some line, some snap swivels, and some lures.

It also helps to have something to unhook your fish like a pair of forceps, pretty cheap and inexpensive, maybe some clippers, but you can do it pretty inexpensively and you don’t even have to carry much with you.

I usually put everything in to a tin box saved from some gum or throat lozenges.

I generally take about 6-8 lures and some snap swivels.

What I have here for spin fishing for trout, an important thing you want is a snap swivel. It avoids a lot of line twist and it gives the spoon or spinner that you’re going to use. I generally go with a gold Kastmaster lure weighing 1oz. You need to go with a weightier lure so you can get a good cast in to the wind.

There are a variety of knots. Two of the common ones that work really well are the improved cinch knot and also the trilene knot.

How to tie the improvedch knot

How to tie a trilene knot

I tend to use the trilene knot pretty frequently, and with that knot you want to go through the eye, this will be kind of hard to see, twice, holding the little loop that you just made open and then wrap the line around about three to four times the uh the leader part like that, if you can see that, and then just put that through both loops.